California Bill Would Prevent Convicted Abusers from Receiving Spousal Maintenance

March 22, 2012
By Thomas M. Huguenor on March 22, 2012 4:35 PM |

528902_48194552_03262012.jpgA bill pending in the California Legislature intends to close a loophole that sometimes causes abused spouses to owe maintenance payments to their abusers. Under the bill, people convicted of certain criminal offenses committed against a spouse would be precluded from obtaining benefits, such as spousal maintenance or attorney's fees, from the abused spouse in a divorce case. The law would also amend the California Family Code to award one hundred percent of the community estate to a spouse who is the victim of a "violent sexual felony" committed by the other spouse. The Family Code currently awards one hundred percent of the community estate to one spouse when the other spouse is convicted of either the attempted murder or solicitation of the murder of that spouse.

The bill, filed in the state Assembly as AB 1522, passed the Judiciary Committee on a 7-1 vote on March 20. The bill was introduced by Assemblywoman Toni Atkins, D-San Diego, and it has the support of the San Diego District Attorney, the California District Attorneys' Association, and the San Diego Board of Supervisors.

A San Diego case, previously reported in this San Diego Divorce Attorney Blog, inspired the bill. Crystal Harris, a San Diego financial analyst, was ordered by the judge in her divorce case to pay $3,000 per month to her ex-husband in spousal maintenance. This was despite the fact that her ex-husband, Shawn Harris, is serving a six-year prison sentence for sexually assaulting her. The judge reduced the spousal maintenance amount to $1,000 per month because of the domestic violence allegations. On appeal, the order of spousal maintenance was reversed, based in large part on Crystal Harris' argument that Shawn Harris has no expenses while in prison. Under current law, he could ask the court for spousal maintenance again when he is released. His release is scheduled for 2014 if he serves his entire sentence.

In a separate proceeding, a judge ordered Crystal Harris to pay her ex-husband $47,000 in attorney's fees. This was based on an agreement the Harrises made before Shawn Harris' criminal case, one that Crystal Harris does not believe should have been honored given subsequent events. The total amount later came down to $26,000 when the amount of restitution owed by Shawn Harris in his criminal case was deducted from the total.

Crystal Harris testified before the Assembly Judiciary Committee in support of the bill on March 19. She says she felt "re-victimized" by the spousal maintenance and attorney's fee orders. Other supporters of the bill say it is necessary to prevent a second injustice against domestic violence victims, and to give "peace of mind" to said victims.

The Association of Certified Family Specialists, an organization of attorneys certified by the California Bar as family law specialists, reportedly opposes the bill. The group sent a letter to the Judiciary Committee arguing that convictions for violent sexual offenses should be a factor used in deciding issues of support, but that the proposed bill would take too much discretion away from judges to evaluate individual cases.

San Diego certified divorce lawyer Thomas Huguenor has 35 years of experience helping people through the divorce process. For a free and confidential consultation, contact us online or at (858) 458-9500.

More Blog Posts:

Senate Democrats Push for Reauthorization of the Violence Against Women Act, San Diego Divorce Attorney Blog, March 19, 2012

Preventing Domestic Violence in San Diego, San Diego Divorce Attorney Blog, October 20, 2011

Big Spousal Support Bill for the Richest Man in San Diego County, San Diego Divorce Attorney Blog, October 6, 2011

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